There are two official celebrations in Islam, Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Both holidays occur on dates in the lunar Islamic calendar, which is different from the solar based Gregorian calendar, so they are observed on different Gregorian dates every year. There are a number of other days of note and festivals, some common to all Muslims, other specific to Shia Islam as a whole or branches thereof.
Kuthratib ritual is annually performed at the Kondotty Dargah dedicated to Veliya Muhammed Shah Thangal. Every year, during the memorial day of Shah Thangal, byths are sung from the morning, Kutratib ritual is conducted through the night. This ritual was led by Ustad Avaran Mullakal in the year 2016.
Today, Vilakku aka lamp symbolizes knowledge. In Indian tradition, irrespective of religion, lighting a lamp has been the norm for any auspicious new beginning. Vilakku is an integral feature in festivals like Onam in Kerala, Karthigai Deepam in Tamil Nadu, and Diwali across India. Lighting the Nilavilakku or Kutthuvilakku, as it is popularly known in the southernmost states of India, used to be a daily evening ritual until the recent past and is still so. The Lady with a Lamp painting by S L Haldankar, is a famous painting that captures the culture of lighting of lamps by ladies in the family.
Brick-making was shot in Calcutta. Probably, the technique of brick making didn’t originate from one place. Bricks have been discovered popping up in many different locations around the world simultaneously. The oldest discovery dates back to 7000 BC. They were discovered in southern Turkey at the site of an ancient settlement around the city of Jericho. The technique could have been naturally discovered when following floods the deposited mud or silt cracked and formed cakes that could be shaped into crude building units.